**Excel Inverse Matrix (Table of Contents)**

## Introduction to Inverse Matrix in Excel

A matrix for which you want to compute the inverse needs to be a square matrix. It means the matrix should have an equal number of rows and columns. The determinant for the matrix should not be zero. If it is zero, you can find the inverse of the matrix. The theoretical formula for computing the inverse of a matrix A is as follows:

Where,

**|A|** = Determinant of matrix A.

**(adj A)** = Adjoint of matrix A.

If we put both these values in the formula above, we can get the inverse of any matrix A. It sometimes becomes a very tedious job to compute the inverse of a matrix. Mathematicians will be happy to know if any function can work for them and compute the inverse of a matrix for them.

### MINVERSE Function to Compute Inverse of a Matrix

Excel MINVERSE function allows a user to compute the inverse of any square matrix which has a non-zero determinant. The inversed matrix has the size same as the original matrix. The inverse matrix computed is of the size same as the original matrix.

**Syntax:**

=MINVERSE(array)

**Argument: **

**array** – Is an array of values representing a matrix.

In this article, we will see how to compute the inverse of a square matrix.

### Examples of Inverse Matrix in Excel

Let’s understand how to create the Inverse Matrix in Excel with some examples.

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#### Example #1 – Compute Inverse of a 2X2 Matrix

A 2X2 matrix is something that has two rows and two columns. Suppose we have a 2X2 square matrix, as shown in the image below.

**Step 1:** Decide a range of 4 cells (since we have a 2X2 matrix) in the same excel sheet, which will be holding your inverse of matrix A. Here I have chosen cells A1:C5 as a range for the inverse of matrix A.

These are the ranges where the inverse of matrix A will be computed.

**Step 2:** In cell B4, start typing the formula for matrix inverse **=MINV**. You will see the range of formulae associated with the keyword. Double click to select the MINVERSE out of those so that you can compute the inverse of matrix A. It is mandatory to select all the cells where your inverse will be computed.

**Step 3:** Provide an array argument for the MINVERSE function as B1:C2 and close the parentheses to complete the formula. Note that the array we are providing as an argument to the function MINVERSE consists of the cells with values for original matrix A.

**Step 4:** To see the output of the formula every time we need to press the Enter key. But in this case, you need to hit **Ctrl + Shift + Enter** keys so that the formula gets converted into an array formula which looks like this **{=MINVERSE(B1:C2)}** and works along with all the cells associated with the inverse of A.

You can see across the cells B1:C2 the matrix is inverse of the original matrix A.

We also can check whether the inverse we get through the MINVERSE function is correctly captured or not. The way to check it is to multiply matrix A and A^{-1}. The multiplication should result in an identity matrix.

We can achieve the matrix multiplication by using the MMULT function in excel. It multiplies the matrices. See the output in an array of cells B1:C5.

#### Example #2 – Compute Inverse of a 4X4 Matrix

**Step 1:** Input a 4X4 matrix across the cells A1:E4 as shown in the screenshot below. This is the matrix for which we need to compute the inverse matrix.

**Step 2:** Select cells from A6 to E9. These are the cells where we will compute the inverse of a 4X4 matrix named A.

**Step 3:** Keeping all the cells selected, in cell B6, start typing the formula for matrix inverse as **=MINV, through** the list of formulae associated with the keyword, double click to select MINVERSE.

**Step 4:** Use array reference B1:E4 as an array argument to this function and close the parentheses to complete the formula.

**Step 5:** Instead of pressing the Enter key, as usual, press **Ctrl + Shift + Enter** keys simultaneously to compute the inverse values for all the cells across B1:E4. If you do not do this, the formula will not be converted into an array formula and will either be applied only to the current cell and if you try to drag it for other cells, it will give you an error.

This is how we can compute the inverse of a matrix in Excel using the MINVERSE function. We can also check with the help of the MMLUT function whether the inverse is actually computed rightly or not.

Select the ranges from B1 to E9, where we can check whether the multiplication of these two matrices is an identical matrix or not.

It comes as an identical matrix. Therefore we can say that the inverse we captured is rightly captured. This is it from this article. Let’s wrap the things up with some points to be remembered.

### Things to Remember

- If there is any blank cell or non-numeric value in a given matrix, MINVERSE will give you #VALUE! Error.
- In the resulting matrix, if you select some extra cells, you will receive #N/A error.
- If a given matrix is a singular matrix (for which the inverse does not exist), you will receive #NUM! Error.
- It is recommended to use MINVERSE as an array formula. Otherwise, you may get some weird results across the cells. Like getting value errors when you drag and drop the formula across the rows.
- If you don’t want it to be used as an array formula, you need to input the same formula across all the cells to get the result.

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