Let f be a continuous function:
y=f(x); x,y ∈ ℝ; 0 ≤ x ≤ 100
whose function values, when plotted, would define the shape of a price pattern in such a way that f(0) would correspond to the close price of the current bar and f(100) to the beginning of the pattern in the past.
After having defined such a function I loop through a certain range of widths (say from 10 to 200 or even more) and for each such width I take this amount of recent bars, determine their highest high and lowest low and scale my pattern (x and f(x)) into this rectangle of market prices. For each such set of bars I calculate the error (the sum of all differences between each bar's close price and the ideal pattern value at this bar's position and finally divided by the area of the complete rectangle to make different sizes comparable) and if the best match has an error below a certain threshold I plot the pattern into the chart and open a trade.
In other words: On every bar open I test many differently sized rectangles of recent prices and try to fit the pattern into each of them until I find one that fits well enough.
This is how the error for a range of recent bars (determined by width) is calculated (negative width means pattern is mirrored at the x axis):
the function scalePatternY() that is called here determines optimal y_0 and y_scale values by simply looking at the price range and the codomain of our pattern function and doing some simple math to find the needed scale and offset for our pattern.
Has anybody tried this approach before?
It is a bit cumbersome to create the pattern functions and the one in the example image is only a quick test to debug the basic functionality, a rough fantasy pattern out of the top of my head, but already quite promising.
If somebody here is willing to help me find and test better pattern shapes then he can find the complete source code attached to this posting.
This two files go into the experts folder:
The source is licensed under GNU GPL V3, this means: don't remove the license or any copyright notices, derivative works MUST ALWAYS include full source code and copyright notices along with the SAME license, selling closed source EAs derived from or containing (parts of) this code is not allowed. Commercial violations of other people's copyrights are considered a crime in most countries of this world!
To quickly get you started with pattern coding here is how my pattern functions look like. Basically i just split the x range into pieces (with ifconstructs) and for each piece I calculate the yvalue with a simple line equation. Of course you could also use all sorts of fancy math instead of the simple ab() line function to get other shapes.
The pattern function is defined in patternmatcher.definitions.mqh which will be used by both EAs. Whenever you change this file you must recompile the EAs, not the include files.
If you attach the Patterndesigner EA to an empty chart you can quickly view changes you made to the pattern function directly on the chart and drag the pattern around with the mouse to see how it looks compared to actual price. After you modified the function in patternmatcher.definitions.mqh just recompile patterndesigner.mq4 (don't compile the include files), move the lines around and see your changes directly in the chart.
The example from the above screenshot is defined by a function that looks like this:
A simple Vshape pattern may look like this:
Anybody interested in designing such patterns?
Latest version of the code can be found in posting 67 you will need FPC/Lazarus to compile the dll. The files attached below are very early prototypes and only here for historic reasons, they implement the same concept without dll in pure mql4 and thus run very slow, i dont recommend to use them.
y=f(x); x,y ∈ ℝ; 0 ≤ x ≤ 100
whose function values, when plotted, would define the shape of a price pattern in such a way that f(0) would correspond to the close price of the current bar and f(100) to the beginning of the pattern in the past.
After having defined such a function I loop through a certain range of widths (say from 10 to 200 or even more) and for each such width I take this amount of recent bars, determine their highest high and lowest low and scale my pattern (x and f(x)) into this rectangle of market prices. For each such set of bars I calculate the error (the sum of all differences between each bar's close price and the ideal pattern value at this bar's position and finally divided by the area of the complete rectangle to make different sizes comparable) and if the best match has an error below a certain threshold I plot the pattern into the chart and open a trade.
In other words: On every bar open I test many differently sized rectangles of recent prices and try to fit the pattern into each of them until I find one that fits well enough.
This is how the error for a range of recent bars (determined by width) is calculated (negative width means pattern is mirrored at the x axis):
Inserted Code
/** * calculate the error. * width is the number of bars before the last_bar. * sum up all errors between price and the theoretical * pattern shape. It will determine needed scale and offset * for the pattern function to fit into the rectangle * automatically */ double error(int width, int last_bar=0){ int i; double price, pattern, error; double y_scale, y_0; int sign = 1; scalePatternY(width, last_bar, y_scale, y_0); if (width<0){ width = width; sign = 1; } for (i=0; i<=width; i++){ price = Close[last_bar + i]; pattern = y_0 + sign * y_scale * pattern(100.0 * i / width); error += MathAbs(price  pattern); } return(error / (width * rangeHeight(width, last_bar))); }
Has anybody tried this approach before?
It is a bit cumbersome to create the pattern functions and the one in the example image is only a quick test to debug the basic functionality, a rough fantasy pattern out of the top of my head, but already quite promising.
If somebody here is willing to help me find and test better pattern shapes then he can find the complete source code attached to this posting.
This two files go into the experts folder:
patternmatcher.mq4
patterndesigner.mq4
patternmatcher.common.mqh
patternmatcher.definitions.mqh
common_functions.mqh
The source is licensed under GNU GPL V3, this means: don't remove the license or any copyright notices, derivative works MUST ALWAYS include full source code and copyright notices along with the SAME license, selling closed source EAs derived from or containing (parts of) this code is not allowed. Commercial violations of other people's copyrights are considered a crime in most countries of this world!
To quickly get you started with pattern coding here is how my pattern functions look like. Basically i just split the x range into pieces (with ifconstructs) and for each piece I calculate the yvalue with a simple line equation. Of course you could also use all sorts of fancy math instead of the simple ab() line function to get other shapes.
The pattern function is defined in patternmatcher.definitions.mqh which will be used by both EAs. Whenever you change this file you must recompile the EAs, not the include files.
If you attach the Patterndesigner EA to an empty chart you can quickly view changes you made to the pattern function directly on the chart and drag the pattern around with the mouse to see how it looks compared to actual price. After you modified the function in patternmatcher.definitions.mqh just recompile patterndesigner.mq4 (don't compile the include files), move the lines around and see your changes directly in the chart.
The example from the above screenshot is defined by a function that looks like this:
Inserted Code
double ab(double ax, double ay, double bx, double by, double x){ return (ay + (byay)*(xax)/(bxax)); } double pattern(double x){ x *= 0.7; // change the x range if (x < 8) return(ab(0,0,8,850,x)); if (x < 13) return(ab(8,850,13,1350,x)); if (x < 21) return(ab(13,1350,21,2150,x)); if (x < 34) return(ab(21,2150,34,3450,x)); if (x < 55) return(ab(34,3450,55,5550,x)); return(ab(55,5550,70,4550,x)); }
Inserted Code
double pattern(double x){ if (x < 50) return(ab(0,0,50,100,x)); return(ab(50,100,100,0,x)); }
Latest version of the code can be found in posting 67 you will need FPC/Lazarus to compile the dll. The files attached below are very early prototypes and only here for historic reasons, they implement the same concept without dll in pure mql4 and thus run very slow, i dont recommend to use them.
Attached Files
patternmatcher.mq4
39 KB

1,090 downloads

Uploaded Jan 27, 2010 12:15pm
patterndesigner.mq4
4 KB

878 downloads

Uploaded Jan 27, 2010 12:16pm
patternmatcher.common.mqh
6 KB

788 downloads

Uploaded Jan 27, 2010 12:16pm
patternmatcher.definitions.mqh
3 KB

754 downloads

Uploaded Jan 26, 2010 5:43pm
common_functions.mqh
25 KB

759 downloads

Uploaded Jan 26, 2010 5:43pm