Unabletrader, really this is just getting too technical, too deep and a bit pedantic. What is being conveyed is simply demand and supply, whether you want to call it buyers/sellers, buying volume/selling volume, or whatever. Demand more than supply, price goes up. Supply more than demand price goes down. We tend to have a lot of expert theorists, but not actual successful traders. Let gspajon get on with explaining the actual business of trading profitably.