How To Read Signals From A Chart
- How To Read Signals From A Chart -
by Oleg Alexandrov
Table of Contents
I. Introduction. About. General Suggestions
II. Five Chart Reading Signs:
1 - ND+SB (weakness)
2 - NS+DB (strength)
3 - EVRT+FOMO (topping, hidden weakness)
4 - EVRB+PANIC (bottoming, hidden strength)
5 - SLKs and Traps (manipulating)
III. Conclusions. How to Use.
See what happens when markets stop being polite and start printing messages for you what to do - buy or sell.
Does this look fantastic?
It can be real, if you’ll master the Chart Language.
The Secret Key to hear messages from Chart - The Law of Supply and Demand
By Reading the Charts you will be work with Causes of Price Moves, instead of following lagging indicators. Deal directly with the inner working of markets. In the following posts, you will get Universal Instructions on how to interpret Price & Volume dynamics in order to find low-risk setup for trading in harmony with market character.
I am Oleg Alexandrov, a market analyst, author of this Tutorial. I use Chart Reading Techniques to produce market overviews. Here are some examples of REAL feedback from my traders who tried out my Chart Reading methods.
I hope, you will enjoy Chart Reading too.
Chart Reading Concepts
Chart Reading Signs (1 of 5) - ND+SB (Signs of weakness)
ND - or No Demand - is a Lack of Buyers. Usually, ND appears on Charts in form of up-bars, not wide spread/range, closing in the middle, exhausting of volume. Stock/coin/whatever is overvalued. Expect decine
SB - or Supply Bar - is a Pressure of Sellers. Usually, SB appears on Charts in form of down-bars with closing on lows, spread/range increases, and volume slightly above average. SB confirms previous ND.
Transition from ND to SB means Bearish Change in Character (Bearish Cha Cha).
Green arrows - ND. Red arrows - SB (here and in following charts of current chapter). Chart warns you - “sudden” bad news are coming. BTW, the green bar before Bad News - also ND.
ND means attempt of buyers (demand of bad quality) to push price higher. But volume is low (lower than volume on previous bars). SB (supply of good quality) confirms that attempt was failed.
ND+SB is the Classical sign of the bearish character of the market. It means, Equilibrium goes down and sellers chase it by pushing current price down.
ND has more weight during existing Down-trend. During Up-Trend, ND could produce only minor pullback (see chart below)
ND around resistance line is a clue, it tells resistance will hold and reject price down (see chart below).
The inability of price to bounce up from support line (such as former resistance) - is a bearish sign. Market can not bounce on ND (see chart below).
Let’s go further.
More talking charts are coming.
Chart Reading Signs (2 of 5) - NS+DB (Signs of strength)
NS - or No Supply - is a Lack of Sellers. Usually, NS appears on Charts in form of down-bars, not wide spread/range, closing in the middle, exhausting of volume. Stock/coin/whatever is undervalued. Expect advance.
DB - or Demand Bar - is a Pressure of Buyers. Usually, DB appears on Charts in form of up-bars with closing on highs, spread/range increases, and volume slightly above average. DB confirms previous NS.
The transition from NS to DB means Bullish Change in Character (Bullish Cha Cha).
Green arrows - DB. Red arrows - NS (here and in the following charts of the current chapter).
NS often can be found before breakouts. Professionals see on charts, price is ready to breakout. The following up-bar on increasing volume (DB) confirms the strong character of the market (example on the chart below).
Remember the bitcoin big bottom on Jan-Mar/2018? Chart gave signals of exhausting of selling pressure (see chart below).
Chart warns you from following fake breakdowns of support line (chart below)
Look, the supply disappeared within 1h after breakdown of the support line. Then you get signs of the Genuine Bullish character of the market.
The chart above is similar to the previous one. Compare them. You see, the bottoming can form in an endless number of variations, but the concept of NS and DB remains the same. You can rely on them.
Next, we will continue with Panic+EVRB
Chart Reading Signs (3 of 5): Panic + EVRB (Signs of Hidden Strength)
When a lot of small traders start mass selling, “big guys” get the opportunity to accumulate at the best prices stocks/coins/contracts/whatever.
1 Panic Selling bar usually accompanies with “Bad News” in media. If this huge fearful bar was really bearish, why the next two bars closed higher?
2 Indecision bar. Demand and Supply perfectly balanced
3 Demand bar. The win of buyers was predetermined by Extremely-high volume on wide Panic bar (Hidden Strength).
1. Vertical red arrow - Panic bar (I plot a Zone from it)
2. Oops. Can you see it? 2 arrows depict NS-wave. Supply Pressure ‘suddenly’ disappeared after Panic Selling. Actually, pounds transferred from small fearful retail traders to professional pockets. Not surprisingly, the bullish move developed after Panic+NS sequence.
Ok, you are reaching 50% if this Tutorial. Now, introducing EVRB.
Think if Volume = measure of Effort to push price, and Price Progress = Result of the effort. Let’s see how this logic will help you to identify changes in market behavior before they will become obvious for the masses.
1) here is EVRB. Compare this red bar with the previous bar. Both down, but the progress of decline stalled (worse result), amid volume increase (efforts spent). This is a sign of professional wall of Buy-Limits orders. “Big guys” meet the flow of sellers.
2) So, after big News-day (closing on the highs) - market demonstrated its bullish intention. It can bee seen by NS+DB sequences (3+4 and 5+6).
So, it was a story of upward reversal from 1.1 round number. And story was started by EVRB.
1 - ND, 2 - SB, 3 - ND, 4 - SB.
5 and 6 - both EVRBs. Note price stalled its falling. Professionals fix profits from positions while late bears join decline. These two EVRBs (Hidden Strength) predetermined a start of minor upward 50% correction within an existing major downtrend.
During major up-trend (1), minor signs of hidden strength help you to understand how professional bulls overcome levels of resistance.
Note on particular chart above, NS (3) and DB (4) appeared after EVRB (2). By this sequence, chart sent you a message - professionals successfully removed a portions of floating supply from market levels and up-trend is going to resume (5) to breakout through resistance more easily.
Chart Reading Signs (4 of 5): FOMO + EVRT (Signs of Hidden Weakness)
When lot of small public traders feel Euphoria and rush into market to buy everything (like Bitcoin in December of 2017), “big guys” get opportunity to unload their longs and distribute their stocks /coins /contracts /whatever at the best prices on market highs.
Here is FOMO Euphoria from GBPUSD market (follow black arrows)
Extra-high volume amid wide range, closing far from highs. Probably, some bullish news for GBP was released those days. But if that bar did represent real strength, why price declined under its low on the next 2 bars?
People think: high volume on up-bars is strong signal. True for DB (normal increase of volume on up-bars). False for FOMO and EVRT (abnormal increase of volume on up-bars). Professionals use buying rush from public in order to close huge longs. That is why FOMO is a sign of Hidden Weakness amid overall happiness.
Now, let’s study the EVRT.
Suppose, the volume on up-bars mean the quantity of Effort. And price progress = Result.
On picture above, the first marked up-bar has big progress. But the progress gradually diminished on the very next up-bar. However, the Effort remains high (volume 2 times higher than average). It means, the buying wave encountered the wall of Sell-Limits orders from Professionals. In other words, “Smart Money” are not interested in buying because they know 0.3$ per coin is too expensive, and some bad news are coming.
Here is another chart from crypto industry, it has built quite similar pattern.
1. Study three upbars. The first one attracted breakout buyers. The following two are ERVTs. They tells that hard supply met buyers. This is early bearish indication.
2. Here is confirmation in form of ND+SB arch
3. Manipulative SLKT movement (will be observed in the next chapter) before decline.
While majority follows buy-signals from lagging indicators, Chart readers watch for shorting.
The next chart shows the simple EVRT example from AUDNZD market.
Arrow points at EVRT bar. Compare the volumes (efforts) and bullish progress (results) on EVRT bar with the previous one. Bulls pushed price higher easily on the previous bar. But EVRT shows that upmove met heavy Supply Zone around 1.08. It can be seen by small progress (narrowing bar) amid big volume. What does it mean? Professional SELL-limits cover the flow of BUY-market orders from novice traders.
The next example from USDJPY market has a Christmas feeling.
14/Dec (1st arrow) was extremely-strong up-bar after long bullish run. This is FOMO sign - a Culmination of up-wave. Not surprisingly, subsequent arrows show ND+SB sequences (bearish behavior).
Note, it was Christmas time. Holidays distorts a vision of price/volume patterns on charts. Nevertheless, the Law of Demand and Supply works forever, even during Christmas days.
Chart Reading Signs (5 of 5): SLKs + Traps (Signs of Manipulations)
Previously, we discussed about “natural signs”. I call them natural, because they based on the Universal Law of Supply and Demand.
Here is the chapter of “UN-natural signs”. The Law of Demand becomes powerless when encountering market manipulations. Okay, someone can say, markets are regulated. I am not so naive about fair rules for the biggest-money game in the World.
Remember the Concept 10. The main goal of market - is to make losers of as many traders as possible.
Well, what is SLKs+Traps? SLKs = SLKT or SLKB.
SLKT - Stop Loss Killing on the Top. It aimed to:
As a rule, it appears in form of wide up-bars, touching new highs, closing in the middle
As a rule, it appears in form of wide down-bars, touching new lows, closing in the middle
The following example came from EURUSD market.
Conclusions. How to Use
Now let's make some summary.
How to judge up-bars
How to judge down-bars
They are - like the Letters. Now you have to train to combine them into words in order to read the Stories from Charts.
Thanks for your interest in this Tutorial. Like if you like )
Nice Contents Oleg,
thank you for this clears explanations with pictures
Excellent article. I learned new things today. Can you explain same this with some live example if few pairs. EUR usd , GBP usd
Everything looks clear and beautiful after the fact.
"Every moment is unique in the markets"
If A is red and B is red does not automatically mean C will be red as well.Its a technical fallacy perpetuated over and over.It will take lot more then candle patterns to be successful trader.
As a starter how about the basics.What do we have on the calendar this week.Lot actually this week.Start from there!Market are driven by fundamentals not candle patterns!
Always glad to read a valuable stuff. Best wishes.
If it possible - in pdf all materials. and in Russian ))) Please!
Market is driven by Supply and Demand. Here is a fresh example.
1. First we got EVRB (Hidden Demand)
2. Next we got "Unexpected" good news (Fundamentals).
So, what you should rely on - Fundamentals or Universal Law of Supply and Demand?
Could you possibly post examples from the currency market?
This forum of Forex Factory mainly focuses on currencies and most people here deal int the forex market.
Forex Factory now has sibling forums namely Metals, Energy and crypto. But this one is mainly currency.
The examples in currencies will relate to me personally more.
Thanks in advance.
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