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hanover Mar 6, 2012 4:24am | Post# 1

Hanover replies to PMs
 
3 Attachment(s)
Please note: I am no longer posting regularly or answering questions on these forums (reasons and parting comments here).
However, you might find answers to your questions in the links below.


Personal contact

Sorry, but I'm no longer accepting private messages, and I won't be replying to any forex related e-mails (reasons here). However:

 If you're looking for MT4 programming, please see the 'MT4 programming' section below.
 If you want to ask about profitable EAs, sorry, but I don't know of any that are publicly available. More info here.
 If you want trading advice, I'm strictly a part-time amateur, but if you want my opinions, see the 'Strategy tips...' section below.
 If you want proof that it's possible to be consistently profitable at forex, see this.

Note: I see many questions in these forums that could be answered immediately by simply performing a forum search, or using an internet search engine. Google or Wikipedia has the answer to almost every conceivable question. Want a good news source? Want to find a certain indicator? Want to know how to install something? what a certain MT4 error message means? how to calculate the Sortino ratio? what contango and backwardation are? what pareiodolia is? Try Google.


Strategy tips, ideas and caveats

Please keep in mind that, although I've been playing the markets since 2001, I'm a retired programmer, not a pro trader. I run a couple of small accounts as a hobby, and I enjoy tinkering intermittently with both automated and discretionary approaches. All of the following is offered free, on a take-it-or-leave-it basis. I suggest that you take nothing for granted; always test the viability of concepts and strategies to your own satisfaction -- ideally over several months' worth of changing markets -- before using them on a live account.

 FWIW here is the basis of my own approach, which uses a lot of FA. For folk who prefer TA, and would like some original ideas as a possible starting point to investigate further, you might like to try this (mainly mean reversion; more here), or this (trend following; see the last couple of paragraphs).

 As requested by MTaufiq, I've also shared some thoughts on: trading myths, caveats, market 'iceberg', orderflow patterns, automation, C-liquidity, risk & leverage,
methods & markets (& here), money management, limitations of TA (& here), qualitative analysis, nuanced analysis, statistical validity, zero sum, retail volumes/SSI,
holy grail (& here), position sizing, scaling returns, martingale (& here), nedging (& here), recovery/rescue, visibility, risk calcs, risk of ruin, rags to riches, P/L concepts,
inverting losses, pyramiding, random entries, KISS, randomness (& here), expectancy & MM, uncorrelated positions, reasons for failure, indicator types, repainting,
strength meters, best MAs, divergence, Bollinger bands, fibo/pivot calcs, OB/OS, broker types, losing trades, staking systems, hedging & correlation, trade explorers,
competitions, psychology, educators, vendors, naysayers (& here), programmers, coding requests (& here), member rankings, forums, 7 pillars, rocket science, fonts,
broker statistics (& here), trading 'pyramid', order types, Gil Blake, Ryan Jones' MM, gambler's fallacy (& here), sponsorship, NZ tax law, roulette (& here here here),
IP & broker hacking, Newcomb's paradox and MONOPOLY.

Much of the above is the result of my own R&D, and it's all original material that you won't find anywhere else on the internet.

 Among my favorite posts on pro trading are by fx1986, Ziad (blue typeface), Fudomyo, copi88, EcoTrader, Parmalat, triphop, TheRealThing, Gaston, topherhk88 and HedgePiglet. Here is the best post about trendlines that I've read; much the same style of thinking applies to many other TA-based tools. Perhaps the most important post I've read in my 12 years at FF was written by alphaomega (IMHO anybody who doesn't understand its implications shouldn't ever attempt to trade). Here is a great video on the realities of trading by prop trader Tom Dante (warning: he uses some colorful language!). And a very sobering video on how some brokers manipulate their trader customers here.

Education: Where to go after you've completed Babypips school? If you're willing to spend $$$, and a lot of time familiarizing yourself with new concepts, the best institutional education that I've found is discussed in the latter posts in this thread. However, if you're looking to use TA, the best FREE educational thread I know of is this one (and logically, its spin off here). There are many excellent audio podcasts with REAL pro traders here -- a goldmine of information. Some great material (especially on 'price action' trading) from TheForexGuy here. And some very good blog articles here. Interesting article on orderflow trading here. Plenty of listening and reading in all of those links -- a must for rookies.

 If you're looking to develop automated systems (EAs), then Daniel Fernandez offers comprehensive comment in his blog. You might want to also check out threads/posts by FXEZ, Copernicus, algoTraderJo, PipMeUp, mikkom, 60minuteman and Craig. Also, two excellent posts by topherhk88 and merlin about system design.

 FWIW the extent of what I'd learned up to 2012 is reflected in this post, which also contains links to a lot of my older posts.

 Programming tips: MT4 navigation tips, using iCustom(), SupDem and Zigzag, debugging EAs. (see also 'Miscellaneous resources' section below)

 Indicator calculations: Heikin-Ashi smoothed

 The brain teasers thread -- dozens of seriously good puzzles contributed by various FF members -- if you have time to kill waiting for the market. And for some subtle off-beat humor, I enjoy this thread.

I will add to this list as I find other good (IMHO) posts or links. Anybody, please feel welcome to post suggestions.


MT4 programming

I am very sorry, but I'm no longer coding or troubleshooting indicators or EAs, neither for payment nor goodwill (reasons here and here).

You could try posting in one of the "I code your indicators for free" threads (e.g. here), and hopefully somebody will help you.

If you need an indicator, you could look in this thread (note especially the posts here and here, where there are ZIP files containing thousands of indicators), the links in the 'Miscellaneous resources' and 'MT4 Indicators' sections below, or try finding it using Google. If a MQ4 file was written before Feb 2014, it will probably need to be compiled using MetaEditor/compiler build 509 -- see this.

 If you want to add alerts to an indicator, this thread might help you.

If you want to try to build an EA yourself, you could try any one of FXDreema, EAtree, ForexSB, Molanis or FXpro Quant. Search YouTube for videos showing how to operate them. I can't offer a recommendation, as I've never used any of them myself.

If you're willing to pay to have a programmer do the work, you could try MQL or upwork. There are many programmers who are happy to code for money. Or if you prefer to stay within the boundaries of FF, there are many competent programmers you could try contacting, e.g. FerruFX, cja, sangmane, minmin830, mladen, Nicholishen, pips4life, abokwaik, Xaphod, cyber1, euclid, futurespec, MathTrader7, braintheboss, ......

If you want to teach yourself MQL4 programming, Jim Dandy has created some very good tutorials (e.g. here here or here). Even better, Xaphod has posted some great links here.


Miscellaneous resources

If, unlike me, you're an indicator junkie, here are some other good sources for MT4 indicators (apart from FF's search facility):

  1. http://www.forexfactory.com/showthread.php?t=62722 (see ZIP file attached to post #1)
  2. https://www.forexfactory.com/showthread.php?t=546414 (lots of indicators and EAs in this thread)
  3. https://www.forexfactory.com/showthread.php?t=193727 (lots of order related scripts, indicators, EAs in this thread)
  4. http://codebase.mql4.com/ (perform a site search)
  5. https://www.fx141.com/category/mt4-indicators/
  6. https://atozmarkets.com/indicators
  7. https://www.mt5traders.com/category/mt4indicators/
  8. http://www.greattradingsystems.com/f...-4-indicators/
  9. http://www.desynced.net/fx/eas/indicators.php
  10. https://www.best-metatrader-indicators.com/
  11. https://www.forexmt4indicators.com/f...t4-indicators/
  12. http://forex-indicators.net/mt4-indicators
  13. https://mt4indicators.com/
  14. Google "mt4 indicators" (or "mt5 indicators") for plenty more sites

(if the indicators are old -- coded before Feb 2014 -- and they compile with errors, then you might need to do this first)

Other useful material:

  1. Links to free TA resources here.
  2. One-stop-shop of FA links here.
  3. MT4 navigational tips and techniques here.
  4. List/comparison of more than 200 MT4 br0kers here.
  5. How to compile old (created before Feb 2014) MQ4 files here.
  6. Equity curve simulators here and here.
  7. Trading simulator (warning: it costs $99) here.
  8. MT4/5 trade publishers, copiers, simulators, etc by FX Blue here (all free, as far as I know. Haven't tested any of their products myself; any feedback is welcome).


Hanover MT4 indicators

Here's an alphabetical list of some of the MT4 indicators and EAs that I've written (links are to the latest versions, as far as I know):

Action forex pivots
Candle lengths
Candle strength
Chiming clock (this is an executable app, not an indicator. It plays a sound file X minutes before each Y minute interval)
Claudia's wine bar EA (this is an EA, not an indicator)
Close/delete orders (this is an EA, not an indicator)
CME options levels
Critical levels
CSM (currency strength meter histogram)
Currency strength - Giraia
Daily high/low histogram
Daily lines/boxes
Display info all pairs
Download central bank rates (this is an executable app, not an indicator)
EMA dashboard (latest .ex4 versions for Stochastic, RSI, EMA and Oscillator dashboards here)
Find unmatched parentheses (this is an executable app, not an indicator)
Guppy CBL and GMMA (latest fix to Guppy CBL here)
J4D strength
Load price history (this is an executable app, not an indicator)
MA dashboard
MACD traditional
MTF supply/demand zones (using Bredin's 'II_SupDem' method)
Options levels
Output history and script (instructions)
Pair Strength Analyzer (PSA) (usage info here, here and here; how RefreshPeriod works)
Plot COT futures
Plot external data (example) (latest versions of 'PlotExternalData' and 'PlotExternalData (main chart)' available here).
Plot long/short retail data volumes
Plot News 4.0 (related links; history/usage; how to extract FF calendar data)
Recent Candles (or Christina Li's much more sophisticated Multicharts indicator here; or FerruFx's creation here).
Recent Prices
Recent S/R
Recent Strength (calculation explained here; links to other strength meters in green typeface; best strength indy)
Room up/down
Screenshot EA (this is an EA, not an indicator)
Sessions/time zones (more info)
Signal indicator
Spaced lines 3.0
Stochastic dashboard (latest .ex4 versions for Stochastic, RSI, EMA and Oscillator dashboards here)
System info dump (this is a script, not an indicator)
Time zones (latest links)
Trades History
Trend length count
Unscramble binary files (this is a script, not an indicator)

Indicators should be downloaded into your ...../MQL4/Indicators folder.
EAs should be downloaded into your ...../MQL4/Experts folder.
Scripts should be downloaded into your ...../MQL4/Scripts folder.
Files should be downloaded into your ...../MQL4/Files folder.
Use the File....Open Data Folder..... option on the MT4 menu to find your MQL4 folder.
After installing the .ex4 file, open MT4's Navigator (type Ctrl-N) and then right click and click on 'Refresh' to update the Navigator's expandable 'trees' with the new indicator/EA/script.

Terms and conditions:

 I've written these indicators and apps originally and primarily for my own use. All code shared here is supplied FREE of charge, and is offered on an 'as is' basis. I'm NOT offering a programming or troubleshooting service. Where source code is supplied, you are welcome to modify it** for your own use; however, neither the original nor modified versions may be sold or distributed commercially.

 I offer no guarantee that the software is fit for purpose, or free of errors. Download and use the indicator(s) at your own risk. I accept no liability for computer damage or financial losses.

[**NOTE: All of these indicators were written using MetaEditor/compiler build 509, and the code libraries here. If the .mq4 source is available, and you want it to compile/run without errors, you'll need to do this first. Otherwise, download only the .ex4 file.]

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Essay: Requirements for success as a retail trader

Mathematically, there is only one way to be profitable as a retail trader. To obtain an 'edge' you must be be net long while prices are rising, and net short while they're falling, frequently/heavily enough to overcome transaction costs. (By 'heavily' I mean that if you are going to vary your position size, then the larger positions must somehow coincide with winning trades, otherwise your position sizing will work against you). It doesn't matter whether you enter or exit manually, use a TP or SL, hedge your positions, trailing SL, scale in or out, all of these are merely different operational ways of adjusting your net position (and exposure); and each component position ultimately exists as pips between entry and exit, multiplied by position size, in your account history. Hence your P/L ultimately comes down to how accurately you adjust your positions relative to turns in the market, given the price/time horizon that you're trading -- or in other words, DIRECTION and TIMING -- everything else is merely operational preference or convenience. The past can't be changed; it follows that decisions should be dynamic and based on upcoming market behavior and probabilities, regardless of both current P/L, and (unless serial correlation can be demonstrated) the outcomes of prior trades. A trader's recent P/L has no bearing on how the market will subsequently behave; whether your current trade is +10 or -10 shouldn't affect your immediate strategy.

All of the above applies regardless of the type of analysis (TA, PA, FA, quant, discretionary, whatever) you use; all that matters is that you have some kind of edge, and just as importantly, the personal qualities (patience, composure, discipline, self-belief, diligence, perseverance, etc) to apply it consistently. A further difficulty is that your edge must also be robust enough to survive several years' worth of changing markets. Market conditions tend to change over time for several reasons (e.g. shifts in belief systems, changes in economic relationships, advancing technology, etc; recently, the growing use of algos and HFT has gradually changed price patterns). Pro traders adapt their systems accordingly; you will even see some quants adjusting their parameters or moving between markets whose conditions offer the greatest potential compatibility with their algos. This makes it very unlikely that you will find, let alone buy, a retail system or EA that's long-term profitable; unless grounded in an indestructible or indefatigable market truism, fixed systems are unlikely to be intelligent or adaptable enough to maintain their effectiveness over the long term.

Sentiment leads price, and current price leads TA/PA, because the latter involves comparison with historical prices. I'm not saying that TA/PA can't work profitably, just that TA-based strategies lag others in an industry where speed of access to quality info can provide a competitive advantage. Apart from faster access to superior information, many institutional traders have other advantages over their retail counterparts: greater expertise and experience, vastly more capital, institutional grade prices, and faster execution. Imho the retail trader's best bet is to become knowledgeable in market fundamentals, microstructure, orderflow, and ways in which markets are manipulated, and then to continually update this knowledge; in short, learn how and why markets move the way that they do. Randomness is not necessarily measurable by studying price, it is a matter of information and perspective (see the essay on 'Qualitative vs Quantitative analysis' below).

Having devised a demonstrably robust edge by whatever means, the final piece of the puzzle is Money Management. You must size your positions small enough that a worst case sequence of losses will not cause personally unacceptable drawdown; a Monte Carlo analysis run across a large enough trade history might help. The pros recommend risking 1% to 2% of total trading capital per position. It might well be true that this level of risk is insufficient to grow a small account effectively, but brokers nonetheless state that the biggest reason for failure among their client traders is that they overleverage themselves. The rookie trader who wants to make money quickly and effortlessly is projecting his own wishful agenda onto an unsympathetic market.

Obviously you must find a broker who doesn't cheat you (e.g. trading against you, running your stops or VDPs that cause deliberate slippage, etc). Under such conditions you have no chance, no matter what strategy you employ; find another broker. Also, to minimize account loss in the event of flash crashes, black swans, broker failure (think 15 Jan 2015!) or cheating, imho it's also sensible to deposit only enough of your trading capital with your broker to avoid a margin call -- an advantageous use of leverage -- and deploy the rest elsewhere, where it is available on immediate call and ideally in an account that also pays some interest.

Good luck.

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Essay: Edges and expectancy theory

This is likely to be a very controversial post. People are welcome to express their strong disagreement. I don't wish to appear conceited, but I've been trawling financial forums since 2002, and the chances are I can anticipate much of what will be written in reply, as the same old cliches and textbook explanations tend to get trundled out repeatedly. So I'll simply state my view, and -- unless anybody posts something that's exceptional or revolutionary enough to warrant a response -- leave it at that.


The nature of an edge
In gambling parlance, an 'edge' means a winning advantage. In the context of price movement, an edge can only arise only as (1) the result of some kind of objectively demonstrable bias existing, from studying repeating historical patterns of behavior, and (2) the trader's knowledge/skill in being able to identify and exploit this bias. If price movement was 50/50 at all times, or the trader trades it on the basis that it is 50/50, then the long term expectancy of ANY strategy that he employs must necessarily be zero minus br0ker costs; in other words, he is destined to eventually lose.

Biases are probability based -- as Mark Douglas says "an edge is nothing more than an indication of a higher probability of one thing happening over another" -- and, unlike casino games where probabilities can be precisely calculated -- market probabilities can only be based on prior history, and hence they are fuzzy at best. No two situations in the market are ever identical; there are always different participants operating, whose agendas are unknown to the retail trader. As the disclaimer rightly says, past results offer no absolute guarantee of future performance. Nonetheless, there are similarities in aspects of collective psychology, and ways in which prices can be repeatedly manipulated. Ultimately biases are the result of imbalances between supply (sellers) and demand (buyers).

Biases may be directional or behavioral. A directional bias means that, based on past behavior in a given situation, a future scatter plot of price would occupy a statistically significant amount of more space in either an upward or downward direction from the current price. Examples of directional bias might be: the continuation of a strongly backed trend; trend exhaustion/reversal at conspicuous S/R barriers and/or profit taking at extreme overbought/soldness; market response to an unexpectedly bullish or bearish news outcome. Whereas an example of behavioral bias might be a breakout from tight or prolonged consolidation. The analyst might not know which direction price will break out, but past history tells him that when it does eventually break out, the move will be far/fast enough, on average, to deliver a potentially exploitable outcome.

Some traders might indignantly respond: "that must be wrong, because I'm profitable, and I don't trade in any of those ways!". Well, first, those are just some possible examples of potential bias. And secondly, it's possible for a trader to profit despite being unaware that he is exploiting some kind of bias; or perhaps he simply doesn't think in those terms.

A bias is determined by the market, not subjectively by the trader (however, the edge comes from the trader's ability to recognize it). A bias might occur at any time; the market doesn't care whether an insignificant retail trader is contemplating an entry or exit. I prefer not to think in terms of 'entry' and 'exit'. Here's why. Suppose my analysis perceives a situation of impending upward bias, therefore I want to be long. If I'm currently out of the market, then I want to ENTER long. Whereas, if I'm currently short, I want to EXIT my short. In reality, all I'm doing is altering my net position to reflect my assessment of probable bias.

If you doubt this, consider a trader who uses nedging (aka same pair hedging). This trader EXITs one of his hedged positions to leave himself net long or short, and ENTERs a new position to (re)create his hedge. Hence he is entering when a conventional trader is exiting, and vice versa. Thus any edge can't be attributed to the process of entry or exit; it comes down to direction and timing in adjusting his net position to exploit possible bias.


What an edge is not
One big illusion is that making trading decisions based on one's P/L, as opposed to trading on the basis of underlying market probabilities and behavior, can be the basis of an edge. Without an underlying bias, entries and exits do not, in themselves, represent edges. For example, all an exit does is convert floating P/L into realized P/L. The gain (or loss) was made while the trader was previously net long while price was rising, or net short while it was falling, i.e. prior to closing the position.

If you doubt this, think carefully about the following logic: if there is no bias, and (at any given point) you choose to leave a position open, instead of closing it, then 50% of the time price will subsequently move in your favor, and 50% of the time it will move against you, in approximately equal measure. Hence over a very large number of trades, this expectancy will balance itself out; meaning that in the long term, you're no better off by closing a position, at any given point, than leaving it open. So whether you exit 'now' or not makes no real difference.

However, supposing there is currently a 40% probability that price will move in your favor, and 60% that it will move against you. Now you should definitely exit. Why? Because of the 60/40 bias.

Unless your volumes are large enough to move the market, P/L-based decision making does not affect the market's subsequent behavior. The market doesn't care whether an insignificant retail trader is buying or selling, entering or exiting. A common misconception held by newcomers is this: if I close every winning trade while it's in profit, and hold every losing trade until it returns to breakeven, I can't fail to make money in the long term. That's the same misconception held by the roulette player who believes he can't lose money provided that he never ends a casino visit while his fluctuating balance remains negative. The player fails to see that, without an edge, his negative balance is just as likely to go deeper into the hole, as it is to recover. Recovery is guaranteed only in the hypothetical world where one has an infinite amount of time and resource. The same is true about positive balances: everything else being equal, they have a 50/50 probability of becoming more, or less, positive.

There is no edge in money management. Varying position size is merely a hit-or-miss proposition, unless you can somehow get your larger positions to coincide with winning trades. In other words, another type of bias. Adding to losing positions is not, in itself, an edge, unless the probability of price reverting to the mean somehow increases, the further price moves away from it -- another example of bias. Conversely, adding to winning positions improves profit only in a market with a trending bias. Moving SL to breakeven is a feel-good measure rather than an edge: in a 50/50 market, the curtailment of future profit due to trades being cut at BE will, over a large number of trades, offset any losses that were averted. (Unless price is somehow supported just under the BE point, i.e. the order volumes provide some kind of bias). Scaling out of winners creates a similar issue: in a 50/50 market, you would have been better off holding the position open 50% of the time, and better off taking the full profit earlier 50% of the time.

There is no edge in psychology. Sure, lapses in discipline, and emotionally based decision making, will likely sabotage your results -- but only if you had an edge to begin with. If you trade for long enough, some of your worst decisions -- in terms of failing to follow your strategy -- will turn out to be winning trades; and conversely, there will be occasions when you executed your strategy perfectly, but suffered your heaviest losses. (Indeed, the market can be a fickle mistress!) If you don't have a real edge, then you can still make money fortuitously, rather than systematically; in studying your short term performance -- days, weeks, possibly even months -- it can be all too easy to believe that you have conquered the market, when in fact you've been fooled by randomness. One thing that definitely isn't random is br0ker costs -- these decrease your winning trades, and increase your losing trades, with absolute consistency -- guaranteeing that, in the long term, unless you have a significant edge -- one that's solidly grounded in some type of bias -- you'll eventually lose. As indeed the vast majority of retail traders do.

Don't get me wrong. Inconsistent execution erodes the value provided by an edge. Patience, self-control, a steady nerve, self-belief, dedication, stamina -- these qualities are all required, and in almost superhuman doses, if a trader is to have any chance of success. But psychology in itself can not provide an edge; only the systematic exploitation of a demonstrable market bias can.

Unless you have an edge that's somehow grounded in the HOWs and WHYs of price behavior, you are merely guessing, and therefore gambling; the long term expectancy of your strategy is effectively zero minus br0ker costs, which means that you must eventually lose.

Finally, don't worry if the above doesn't make sense. You don't have to understand expectancy math to be a successful trader. (In fact you don't even have to understand how technical indicators work -- Steve Patterson is evidence of this!). For some, trading is an art -- or even a process of subconscious visualization -- rather than a statistically based science. There are discretionary traders, and there are quants. As I said earlier, you could be exploiting market biases without realizing it, or at least without thinking in those terms.

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Essay: Qualitative vs Quantitative analysis

Suppose I have a regular (D6) blue die, with four faces depicting 'UP' and two 'DOWN'; and a red die with four faces depicting 'DOWN' and two 'UP'. Let's further suppose that I first toss a fair coin which determines which die I will roll, heads = blue and tails = red (hence I will be rolling the blue die approx 50% or the time, and the red die 50% also). Each trial involves tossing the coin and then rolling either the red or blue die, as determined by the coin. Hence the overall result will be that 'UP' occurs approx 50% of the time, and 'DOWN' approx 50%. Let's further suppose that I have two friends, Adam and Bill, both of whom are betting on each trial outcome; I inform Adam of the result of the coin toss just before I roll the die, but I don't give this information to Bill.

Now if Adam bets on UP every time the blue die is about to be rolled, and DOWN for the red die, he'll be correct approx 4/6 or 66.7% of the time, giving him a significant 'edge'. While Bill will be right only 3/6 or 50% of the time, no matter what betting strategy he chooses to employ, giving him no edge. But most importantly, note that the outcome of each event (UP or DOWN) is the same for both of them. Bill could study a plot of prior trends of UPs and DOWNs -- the equivalent of technical analysis -- but he would gain no statistical advantage from it. Adam meanwhile benefits from his 'insider' knowledge. The point is that both players have DIFFERENT edges (mathematical expectancies) even though the outcome of each event ('UP' or 'DOWN') is UNIVERSAL.

I can't prove that this 'insider knowledge' model can be applied any financial market; the market might be sufficiently large, diverse or efficient, so as to make it impossible to be be manipulated by any bank cartel, or to allow 'sentiment' to otherwise be objectively determined. But the demonstration does show that, given a certain TYPE of speculative game, knowing the CAUSE of the current outcome (qualitative or fundamental analysis) can give one an advantage over merely knowing past OUTCOMEs (quantitative or technical analysis).

However, if (and I stress IF) prevailing sentiment can be ascertained, then the current price necessarily lags sentiment, and chart-based analysis (being derived from historical price) further lags the current price. To repeat my point, qualitative analysis seeks to understand the cause, while quantitative analysis looks at its effect. Technical analysis promises us -- or perhaps more accurately, makes the assumption -- that the outcome (price) reflects the net total effect of all of the current fundamental causes. But it makes no promise about its ability to forecast, i.e. to measure the sentiment that will drive subsequent price movement.

It follows that 'quant' systems can work profitably only to the extent that 'trends' are caused by genuine, objectively measurable bias, as opposed to 'randomness' (creating what is often called a 'fat tailed distribution' or 'levy flight'). In such a scenario, one would gain a small edge by trading in the direction of such a 'trend', rather than against it, and by cutting losses quickly and seeking to maximize gains from any profitable opportunities, which of course is the basis of 'trend following' systems.

Conversely, in scenarios where price is more likely to revert to a mean than 'trend' further away, the reverse strategy would deliver an edge.

And finally, in a random 50/50 game, such as a fair coin toss, or a market where price rises and falls on an exact 50/50 basis at every point in time, no edge is possible (and hence transaction costs will cause every trader, and every strategy, to eventually lose).

However, the experiment I presented shows -- at least theoretically -- that randomness can potentially be a matter of information-based perspective, as opposed to being a function of the game mechanism itself. In other words, outcomes might be measurably random to the uninitiated observer, but to an 'insider' who has information pertinent to their cause, they are not, thereby allowing the information to be profitably exploited.
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TA-based intraday methodology (M15 chart)

The method below is the best (using only TA) that I've devised after 12 years of studying FX. It's a discretionary approach based primarily around S/D orderflow, price action and exhaustion volume. I can't prove that it's long term profitable because I trade only part time, and for fun rather than serious money; there are more important things in my life than trading. Anyway, the template and that I use are all in the zip file below (for instructional material on each of the indicators, see the links in the 'Hanover MT4 indicators' section earlier in the post). Feel welcome to add some of these tools to your trading arsenal.

I look for confluences of the following factors (in order of priority; the more confluences, the better):
M15 chart:
1. S/D zones -- these are areas of where large volumes of orders are potentially clustered. Works best for major pairs; you can also look for confluence across related majors, e.g. if GBPJPY reaches a zone, see if GBPUSD and USDJPY are also reaching zones simultaneously. (Triangular equilibrium: GBPJPY always = GBPUSD x USDJPY).
2. Price action: pin bars or engulfing bars (stronger signal) or indecision/doji (weaker signal) occurring at/near these zones; OR
3. Exhaustion volume within these zones. Bright green and red painted candles frequently occur near the start and end of moves. Check the volume histogram for confirmation; compare volumes with the largest volumes in view on the chart (except for red news volumes).
NOTE: Alternatively, you can look for PA/volume reversals just beyond these zones (aka 'stoploss hunts' or 'C-liquidity').
4. Overbought/oversold (the yellow Donchian channel): look to buy when price is low (the nearer the bottom of the channel, the better); sell when high. The reason I prefer Donchians to Bollingers or Keltners is that they use prior S/R levels.
5. Time of day: the gray histogram gives the relative probability of a daily high or low occurring during that hour of each day. Note that reversals occur frequently at 9am-11am during both the London and New York sessions (heavyweight traders are active), and also at 5pm-6pm New York (see the TimeZones indicator).
6. Room up/down indicator: the nearer price gets to reaching its daily ADR, the greater the probability of a reversal (time to consider exiting any intraday trades).
7. Widely used MAs (self-fulfilling prophecy): if trending, price occasionally turns within the gray EMA50 channel; the dashed purple EMA200 also sometimes provides S/R. Self-fulfilling prophecy works because many traders (and algos) follow these EMAs and place orders at these levels.
8. Critical Levels (self-fulfilling prophecy): round numbers and floor trader pivot levels sometimes provide S/R.
9. News indicator: either exploit or avoid high impact news. The method can be improved significantly by using some relevant FA.
Long term confirmation:
10. Strength/weakness (s/w) analysis: pair strong against weak currencies on longer TFs (H4, D1, W1) as a proxy for fundamentally driven trends. Or better yet, use FA to determine currency s/w; the best buy setup is when there are several fundamental reasons why the pair should be rising, but it has fallen significantly, i.e. divergence between TA and FA. One way of doing this is using PSA, as described here.
11. Check the D1 chart for trend, and also avoid trading into strong S/R areas.

In general, the more of these factors that line up, the higher the entry probability. Most of this is commonsense. If my analysis suggests that price is likely to rise from a certain level, I want to be long; more likely to fall, short. When exhaustion of a move appears imminent, I want to exit.

Exits: I seldom use hard stoplosses. My exits are based on analysis, not my P/L or RR, which the market takes no cognizance of. For example I will exit a buy trade when price enters resistance, or has reached its ADR for the day, or if the fundamentals driving it upward appear to have weakened. Conversely, it makes no sense to exit a losing buy trade if price is about to fall into support, or sentiment is clearly strengthening, merely because I've lost a certain number of pips/$/%.

MM: My position sizes are based on what I call 'ADR$', which is the average dollar value that the traded pair moves daily. This helps to equalize risk across trades made with different pairs/instruments. The signal indicator can automatically calculate the number of lots for you; simply enter your risk (e.g. 2% or $200) into Signal's AmountToRisk setting, and the leftmost value on the '$' row (0.17 lots in the screenshot) is your number of lots. For example, with AmountToRisk set to 2%, this means that if price moves 149 pips (GBPCAD's ADR) I will win (or lose) 2% of my account. However, normally I would exit losses MUCH earlier than that, because I can always re-enter if I want to, at a better price, thus saving pips. Everything else being equal, a smaller loss has the same net long term effect as a (bigger) win. The converse applies also: I will bank profits when exhaustion appears imminent, and then possibly look to re-enter after price has retraced. I'm trying to maximize pip/dollar returns, not necessarily to win individual trades.
M15 indicators and template.zipClick to Enlarge

Name: PPI 028.png
Size: 57 KB

____________________________________________

F.A.Q.

I received a couple of PMs asking me about my Ignore list. Most of these folk are there because they support software piracy, or have otherwise shown disrespect toward programmers' work; and to prevent me from mistakenly helping them out, their future requests are now automatically hidden from me.

I also get a lot of PMs asking me about which are the most profitable EAs, or for general trading advice. That's flattering, because I'm a programmer, NOT a professional forex trader. Nonetheless, I enjoy tinkering with systems and run a couple of small accounts. I used to play blackjack, and I believe in the inviolability of expectancy math; most of my opinions are simply grounded in Math 101, commonsense logic, and a basic knowledge of how markets operate.

Anyway, for whatever it's worth, here is my reply to one PM that I received. The writer asked me about how he could make a living from running EAs (he said something like "I'm not looking for the holy grail, just an EA with a 60% win rate"):

[NOTE: most of what appears below was originally written back in 2012. Hopefully I've learned a bit more since then ]

If there was an easy way of attaining a guaranteed consistent 60% win rate, we would all be forex millionaires. Any system that’s guaranteed to deliver any kind of profit (assuming such a system exists) IS THE HOLY GRAIL. The key word being “guaranteed”.

Read this post, which was written by Joel Rensink, who has been trading forex for more than 30 years. Also this one. Then understand that these guys are expert discretionary traders, and that experienced human traders will always outperform EAs. EAs can not apply intelligent 'contextual' analysis or adapt to changing market conditions. As the saying goes "a good trader follows his rules; a great trader knows when to break them".

As an example, the EAs that I co-developed here have backtested very profitably (up to 20% return per year), but this offers no guarantee that they will be profitable going forward on a live account. And even in backtest, they don't produce "consistent" returns --- there are many losing months. After 7 years of studying forex, this is the best that I have been able to achieve. Please read also the posts by mim2005 in that thread, where he talks about automated forex systems being a small (and the most risky) part of a balanced investment portfolio.

Here is an interesting blog written by some very experienced traders. Read how their EA, which was performing much more consistently than ours, crashed badly when it suddenly encountered market conditions that the developers hadn't anticipated.

The only way to learn forex is to start reading and experimenting yourself. If you want to be profitable, be prepared for a long journey (I'm into my tenth year now and I'm still learning). There are no tricks, and no shortcuts. There is no return without taking a consummate amount of risk. In general, if you want big returns, you must take bigger risks, which means bigger drawdowns whenever your strategy encounters unfavorable market conditions. Hence IMO you should trade only with money that you can afford to lose.

If forex is your only source of income, then there will be added pressure to meet the targets needed to pay your bills. If losses cause you to get behind in meeting your targets, you will find yourself being forced into overtrading, and/or overleveraging yourself, which eventually leads to mistakes and even bigger losses.


Now that we have the caveats out of the way, here are some (free) FF threads that have helped me to understand forex:

James16 is highly regarded, although his price action techniques tend to work best on longer timeframes. At any rate, it's a good introduction to understanding candles and support/resistance types.

Millipede is a great concept, that involves taking low risk intraday entries, an then allowing those that hold to play out over several days/weeks/months, for high RR trades.

Deadly accuracy also gives low risk intraday entries, around probable reversal points.

No-brainer trades uses support/resistance to do likewise.

Seneca pilot's Ramblings explains key levels that are recognized by institutional traders.

Money flows, although not specifically a system, provides excellent material that every trader should know.

If you prefer indicator-based systems, here are some of the more popular ones:
Sonic R
Genesis
Choros
Trading Made Simple
Trade What You See
symphonie
To be fair, I haven’t followed any of these extensively, but they have been around for a while, and I’ve read good things about them.

IMO, things to stay well away from: anything involving Martingale variants, adding to losing trades, wide or no stoplosses, recovery-type systems. More info here. A lot of these concepts can work extremely profitably for several months, giving the trader a false sense of success, before they crash equally spectacularly. One of the biggest reasons that many traders lose, is that they make decisions based on their own P/L, instead of market behavior and probabilities.

In addition to the above, and if you want to trade successfully intraday, find out as much as you can (Google, YouTube) about these concepts:

--- Orderflow trading (check out posts by skfx in this thread).
--- How banks manipulate forex markets (and sabotage retail traders). Search for YouTube videos by people like Martin Cole and Mark Chapman.
--- Sam Seiden supply and demand levels (there's also a comprehensive post here).

It's my view that most robust systems are based around price patterns and behavior created by underlying drivers like: macroeconomics, money flows, levels of supply and demand, orderflow, the need to maintain across-the-board triangular equilibrium (e.g. EURJPY = EURUSD x USDJPY), breakouts during times of high liquidity, tracking central bank/heavyweight activity, self-fulfilling prophecy, news trading, fading extreme overboughtness/oversoldness, trapped trader behavior, key OHLC and 'bank' levels, session/time-of-day idiosyncrasies........ and no doubt many others that I'm unaware of. Conventional indicators don't directly measure any of these. With all of these factors acting continuously and simultaneously, forex is perhaps the most complex market to analyze and trade.

The most robust approach that I currently know of involves studying price from the standpoint of longer term trend strength, and then the way in which it consolidates, then expands, then consolidates, then expands, over and over, within the trend.

I've been around Forex factory's forum for more than 11 years now. Here is a list of contributors (past or current) whom I believe are either profitable traders, or have helped to shape the way that I think about forex. IMO there is high quality information in their posts:

alphaomega, auslanco, auxesis, BetterLife, billbss, billflet, BillyRayVal, birdt, capitalist88, claudia1, Copernicus, copi88, Craig, CrucialPoint, Cubbybgood, Custos, Darkstar, Davit, daytrading, Dopey, EcoTrader, endroute, FerruFX, flotsom, forexhard, fti, Fudomyo, FXEZ, Gaston, Graviton, grkfx, hayseed, HedgePiglet, heshuhan, Houdini, ianf0ster, Igrok, j4d, Jack_Larkin, james16, Jarroo, jmn5611, Kenneth Lee, kiwi_trader, kprsa, MagnumFreak, mbqb11, medici, merlin, mikkom, mim2005, mypipbull, nhen, Nicholishen, nubcake, numbnuts, Parmalat, PeterCrowns, PeterFM, philmcgrew, pipEASY, PipMeUp, pipmutt, Porkpie, Rabid, scooby-doo, Seneca_pilot, Sis.yphus, sisse, skenobi, skfx, smjones, soultrader, the redlion, the_wizard, TheRealThing, TeamAphid, topherhk88, triphop, Trotty, ubeee, unknown4x, vox_dei, wmd

No doubt there are other traders who are equally worthy of honorable mention, but FF is a vast forum, and there aren't enough hours in a day to read, let alone test, every idea that's presented here.

Some of the educational material I've listed includes a commercial agenda. Perform your own due diligence, and if you decide to spend money — that's YOUR choice. Markets can change over time, as they react to different economic climates and global agendas, hence there is no absolute guarantee that ANY approach will remain consistently profitable forever.

However, there might well be forex traders who have found a an infallible price pattern that delivers a handsome, consistent weekly profit. Hence they would likely disagree with much of what I've said. It's also possible that their 'edge' might remain effective over several years worth of changing markets, and even employ a prudent, sustainable MM. If you're lucky enough to find one of them that posts here, then — obviously — ignore what I've said, and follow them. But rest assured that I'm not one of them.

My 2c, for whatever it's worth,
David
______________________

As PMs don't allow attachments, I'll reply to them in this thread. OK, here's the first one......

No, I've never coded a MTF CCI, but I found the attached indy in my archives. You might also look to the Project Ultra thread, and ask jmw1970 if he has coded one. Also maybe check this thread, and try Googling something like "mtf cci mt4" if you haven't already done so.#MTF_CCI.mq4


hanover Apr 17, 2012 1:14am | Post# 2

Continued from Nacho's thread......
 
2 Attachment(s)
On the topic of SL vs no-SL, here’s a good example of how it’s possible to use SLs aggressively to minimize risk while attempting to maximize profit. Alas, I missed this setup because I was at work earlier today.

AUDJPY is currently one pair of choice because it’s in a solid, clean downtrend (see screenshot #1) which is also reflected in the H4/D1/W1 strength meters (JPY is consistently strong; AUD is consistently weak).

Down to the M15 to time the entry (screenshot #2). Multiple tops around area ‘A’ plus climax volume candle (CVC) high at ‘B’ provide fair resistance. ‘C’ is another CVC within the same area, making it a good setup candidate. Entry around candle highs, and SL maybe 2-3 pips+spread above C’s high. AUD monetary policy minutes causes CVC ‘D’, triggering entry.

SL would now be at BE with trade yield currently ~5:1 RR. If long term downtrend continues over the next few days, without retracement to BE, this could easily become a >20:1 RR trade (especially as it appears to be breaking thru the barrier of triple bottom + round number 83.00). This (low risk entry —>> infinite yield) is similar to the millipede concept that was being recommended by lyondegreat earlier in the thread. A good understanding of how to exploit suitable S/R confluences can make for some deadly accurate entries (see this thread for more ideas).

[EDIT] If the 83.00 level is broken, we have another potentially perfect setup, with 3 CVCs + prior daily low (brown line) + round number 83.00 (dashed blue line) + S1 pivot level (dotted gray line) all within 6 pips of each other, i.e. prior support becomes resistance. Let's see how it pans out.
Click to Enlarge

Name: ex1.gif
Size: 37 KB
Click to Enlarge

Name: ex2.gif
Size: 45 KB

hanover Apr 17, 2012 5:55pm | Post# 3

SL or no SL --- that is the question
 
1 Attachment(s)
As we can see from the screenshot, price has reversed significantly since the time of the previous post, illustrating beautifully the pros and cons of the use of SLs.

By using a SL, I was stopped out at breakeven. (My rule is to move the SL to BE when price hits the opposite side of the Donchian (gray) channel — then no further after that). Hence my net result for the trade is 0 pips. The trade gave me the opportunity for very high yield (I could have taken 5:1 RR, but chose to leave the full position open, with maximum room to move, in the hope of making > 20:1).

If I hadn't used a SL, I'd currently be at about -70 pips, with approx 50/50 probability of the drawdown worsening.

I know which of the two scenarios I prefer.
Click to Enlarge

Name: ex3.gif
Size: 49 KB

olsen-yersen Apr 19, 2012 4:12am | Post# 4

Hanover,

Are those arrows produced by the TDI and stochastic indicators?Thank you.

hanover Apr 19, 2012 7:26am | Post# 5

Hanover,

Are those arrows produced by the TDI and stochastic indicators?Thank you.
Hi,

No, they are actually generated by a 'candle identifier' indy that I originally posted on FF, but has subsequently been removed from the public domain because it's now being sold as part of another trader's coaching course.

Not sure why I left them on the chart, as they don't really figure in my trading decisions.

David

4xrider Apr 19, 2012 6:48pm | Post# 6

Dear Hanover
 
Dear Mr Hanover. Long time ago You helped me with indicator. Would like to ask you if there is possibility to see 5m and 4h RSI on a 15m chart? or possibly RSI indicator which I can set different time frame from what is my current chart? Thank you, Greg Shub. My email is srox@nyc.rr.com

hanover Apr 20, 2012 1:12am | Post# 7

1 Attachment(s)
Dear Mr Hanover. Long time ago You helped me with indicator. Would like to ask you if there is possibility to see 5m and 4h RSI on a 15m chart? or possibly RSI indicator which I can set different time frame from what is my current chart? Thank you, Greg Shub. My email is srox@nyc.rr.com
Hi Greg,

You could try the Project Ultra RSI here. It's designed to plot RSI on multiple chart timeframes. I assume that it works.

I've also attached a ZIP of MTF indicators to this post. From memory I think there are one or two RSIs among them.

David
MTF indicators.zip

hanover Apr 22, 2012 2:52am | Post# 8

MTF TDI indicator
 
1 Attachment(s)
I found this one on forex-tsd. The code was a mess; I've tidied it up a bit, and set the defaults to Dean Malone's original settings and colors. Seems to plot the correct curves (when compared alongside the original TDI), although I can't test the alerts as the market is closed. I assume the T3 option relates to Tillson's smoothing.
TDI_mtf+alerts.mq4

hanover Apr 25, 2012 2:24am | Post# 9

Fundamentals "cheat sheet" request
 
1 Attachment(s)
PMs don't allow attachments, hence I've replied here. Attached is a zipped CSV file of all news events sourced from the FF calendar between Jan 2007 and now. You can load it directly into Excel and then filter, sort or otherwise manipulate the data any way that you wish, and also use Excel's graphing capabilities to plot trends of like news events. I guess this could create a kind of "cheat sheet".

The file is generated by FFcal.EXE, which creates a file called @BACKUP@.CSV containing all news events in its database, which are sourced from FF calendar. You can download FFcal.EXE from the ZIP here.

There's also a good link posted by Shabs19 here.

That's about the best I can do. Hope it's helpful.

David
news events Jan 2007 thru April 2012.ZIP

hanover May 4, 2012 3:59pm | Post# 10

Review --- SL or no SL.......
 
As we can see from the screenshot, price has reversed significantly since the time of the previous post, illustrating beautifully the pros and cons of the use of SLs.

By using a SL, I was stopped out at breakeven. ......

If I hadn't used a SL, I'd currently be at about -70 pips, with approx 50/50 probability of the drawdown worsening.
2.5 weeks later, and the trade would currently be +195 pips, but would have needed to survive a ~150 pip drawdown along the way.

Having to wait 2.5 weeks for a little better than 1:1 trade is inefficient, IMO. And even that assumes that I would have known in advance what the max drawdown would be, which of course is impossible.

Still, each to their own.

iulli May 14, 2012 1:05am | Post# 11

I realised to trade forex and be succesful you need an edge... I am amazed to realised that your currency strength indi might be one that gives me one.

Since you are the creator of it.. any advice on improvement? I am using your indi with default settings, and when I see in m5 or m15 currencies starting to go very opposite i just enter with a trade R/R 1/1 20 pips ot so, and until now it looks it is wining about 60%.

hanover May 28, 2012 10:34pm | Post# 12

X period high/low indy
 
2 Attachment(s)
Attached.

If you don't need the source, download the .ex4 file only (into your .../experts/indicators folder).

If you want the source to compile correctly, you'll also need the .mqh files here.

To see the descriptions, you need to press F8 and check 'Show object descriptions' on.
X period HL.ex4
X period HL.mq4

hanover May 28, 2012 10:44pm | Post# 13

I realised to trade forex and be succesful you need an edge... I am amazed to realised that your currency strength indi might be one that gives me one.

Since you are the creator of it.. any advice on improvement? I am using your indi with default settings, and when I see in m5 or m15 currencies starting to go very opposite i just enter with a trade R/R 1/1 20 pips ot so, and until now it looks it is wining about 60%.
I just saw your post now.

I use the strength indy only in the D1/W1 TFs, as a proxy for macroeconomics. Not sure how to best use it on shorter TFs. However, pairing strongest currencies against the weakest is a sensible adjunct to any trend-following system.

There are some very good notes on money flows by unknown4x in this thread.

hanover Jun 10, 2012 2:33am | Post# 14

3 Attachment(s)
Use the attached indicator. Copy it into the ..../experts/indicators folder, and re-start MT4.

The indy assumes that the data file you name already exists in the ..../experts/files folder, and that its format is

date/time,value


with date/time sorted into ascending sequence (i.e. earliest date at the start of the file).

FileName — the name of the file whose data you want plotted. It must already exist in the ..../experts/files folder.

DateFormat
— the format of the date, or date/time value, in the file. Examples of valid formats:

DD/MM/YYYY
(date only)
YYYY.MM.DD (date only)
YYYY.MM.DD HH:II (date and hours/minutes)

DateDelimiters — all of the delimiters used to separate values in the date/time field, e.g. periods, slashes, spaces, colons

FieldDelimiter — the character used to separate the date/time field from the value field

In the sample file below, the date/time is in the format YYYY.MM.DD HH:II
and the field delimiter is a comma. Note how the dates/times are in ascending sequence.
Inserted Code
[color=Blue]2012.06.06 20:00,1774
2012.06.06 21:00,2114
2012.06.06 22:00,2423
2012.06.06 23:00,1534
2012.06.07 00:00,1075
2012.06.07 01:00,1161
2012.06.07 02:00,1094
2012.06.07 03:00,2204
2012.06.07 04:00,2357
2012.06.07 05:00,1641
2012.06.07 06:00,1333
2012.06.07 07:00,1375
2012.06.07 08:00,1583
2012.06.07 09:00,2800
2012.06.07 10:00,3838
2012.06.07 11:00,3659
2012.06.07 12:00,3771
2012.06.07 13:00,2988
2012.06.07 14:00,4120
2012.06.07 15:00,3800
2012.06.07 16:00,4440
2012.06.07 17:00,5394
2012.06.07 18:00,4062
2012.06.07 19:00,3179
2012.06.07 20:00,3139
2012.06.07 21:00,1965
2012.06.07 22:00,2565
2012.06.07 23:00,1658
2012.06.08 00:00,644
2012.06.08 01:00,939
2012.06.08 02:00,1103
2012.06.08 03:00,2998
2012.06.08 04:00,2954
2012.06.08 05:00,2263
2012.06.08 06:00,1465
2012.06.08 07:00,2057
2012.06.08 08:00,2213
2012.06.08 09:00,3917
2012.06.08 10:00,4203
2012.06.08 11:00,4393
2012.06.08 12:00,3874
2012.06.08 13:00,3371
2012.06.08 14:00,3137
2012.06.08 15:00,3969
2012.06.08 16:00,4057
2012.06.08 17:00,4181
2012.06.08 18:00,3524
2012.06.08 19:00,2250
2012.06.08 20:00,2289
2012.06.08 21:00,2014
2012.06.08 22:00,1705
2012.06.08 23:00,1622
[/color]
If the above criteria are met, the indicator (when attached to a chart) will plot the values from the file in a window underneath the main chart window. The data values should align correctly with the chart timeframe. The data file attached below was used, along with the default settings in the indicator, to create the plot shown in the attached screenshot.

David
EURUSD60.csv
Plot External Data.ex4
Click to Enlarge

Name: 2012-06-10_1836.png
Size: 61 KB

hanover Jun 10, 2012 2:45am | Post# 15

1 Attachment(s)
If you want the source code, it's attached. You'll also need the .mqh files here, for the indy to compile correctly.
Plot External Data.mq4

X-Man Jun 11, 2012 5:59am | Post# 16

hi there
 
1 Attachment(s)
Hi Hanover

I would like a small favour to ask from you. i attached an ATR projection indicator and would love an alert to it. I want it to give me an alert ONLY when Price action touches the purple line. thats the only line im interested in.
I would really appreciate that.

Regards
X
ATRprojections.ex4

hanover Sep 20, 2012 7:47pm | Post# 17

Hi Hanover

I would like a small favour to ask from you. i attached an ATR projection indicator and would love an alert to it. I want it to give me an alert ONLY when Price action touches the purple line. thats the only line im interested in.
I would really appreciate that.

Regards
X
Hi,

Sorry, but I only just noticed your post now. No programmer can modify an .ex4 file, you'd need to supply the .mq4 file. I created a thread for do-it-yourself alerts here. If you can't get that to work, then you might try posting in one of the "I code your indicators for free" threads.

David

hanover Sep 21, 2012 2:43pm | Post# 18

X-Man: in case you do not have the mq4
hanover: in case you are willing

I verified that this mq4 is same as ex4 posted by X-Man

Cheers
Modifying decompiled code is unethical IMO. It seems that I'm not alone in my view.

Inserted Code
/*
   Generated by EX4-TO-MQ4 decompiler V4.0.224.1 []
   Website: http://purebeam.biz
   E-mail : purebeam@gmail.com
*/
#property copyright "Copyright  2009, Learn Forex Live"
#property link      "http://www.LearnForexLive.com"

#property indicator_chart_window

int g_period_76 = 7;
double gd_80 = 70.0;
double gd_88 = 50.0;
extern color Level1 = Magenta;
extern color Level2 = DarkGray;
extern color Level3 = LightGray;
int gi_108 = 0;
int g_width_112 = 1;
bool gi_unused_116 = FALSE;
bool gi_unused_120 = FALSE;

mobthehop Sep 21, 2012 8:25pm | Post# 19

oops, I am totally sorry - I did not check the code only the output.... I never knowingly use or post decompiled code

Apologies - post removed

Mop

hanover Sep 21, 2012 9:47pm | Post# 20

oops, I am totally sorry - I did not check the code only the output.... I never knowingly use or post decompiled code

Apologies - post removed

Mop
No problem. All I was saying is that I wouldn't feel comfortable modifying it.

Ethics aside, decompiled code can be hard to comprehend, as all of the data names are meaningless, and any notes from the original programmer are lost.


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